All of us have this question: “What are the factors that affect the range of an electric vehicle?” “Is it only the capacity of the battery pack, or are there any other external factors that can affect the range of an EV?”
There are quite a number of elements that can affect the range of an electric vehicle. Some of them are traffic, hills, roads, water, cargo, passengers, etc. Digging deep into the question, we found an interesting factor that will adequately affect the performance of the electric vehicle. That is, of course, the climate. The climatic conditions have a noticeable impact on the chemistries of the battery packs, which will affect the range of the electric vehicle.
According to the tests conducted by different drivers under different climatic conditions, the results have shown a drastic difference in the range compared to the claimed range under normal temperatures.
Interestingly, when the weather is freezing, the range of the EV is observed to be 25%–30% less than the normal range, and on a warm day, the range is comparatively more than on a freezing day. Under mild temperature conditions, the range falls between the two categories mentioned above.
The reason behind this is that In contrast to a gas vehicle, where heat is generated for free by the engine, an electric vehicle (EV) must generate cabin heat and regulate an ideal battery temperature using energy from the battery, which reduces range. (It should be noted that gasoline engines often perform worse in cold weather.)
Surprisingly, the highest range was observed under extreme heat conditions. The weather conditions affect not only the range but also the charging of the electric vehicle.
So don’t worry if you are unaware of this, and if you are facing the same problem, we are here to get you covered up…!!!!